The quadripartite design of Persian Gardens is based on the four fundamental constituents of the world as understood in ancient philosophy. These substances (earth, water, air, and fire) have deeply influenced the design of the Persian Garden. Through association with earth, the garden fulfills its function of regeneration and quadruplication. Through association with water, the four water channels, fountains and pool are formed. Through association with wind, the walls and enclosure is formed. Finally, through association with fire, the quadrilateral pavilion is formed to witness the recurrence of four seasons. The balanced combination of these four elements thus creates the equilibrium sought after in the Persian design.

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